Latin American writers say Israel must abandon “colonial” Zionist ideology
A group of academics, intellectuals, writers, former ambassadors and professors, have warned that the presence of Israel as a guest at the Guadalajara International Book Fair – cannot be separated from the tragedy that [Israel] represents for Palestine.
Margit Frenk, Juan Gelman, Hugo Gutierrez Vega, Eduardo Mosches, Héctor Díaz Polanco, Aline Pettersson, Luis Tovar, Pedro Miguel, among others, say that the creation of the State of Israel, begun in 1948, through United Nations Resolution 181, which partitioned Palestine – then under the British Mandate – into two states: one Jewish, the other Arab.
Nevertheless, the policy of Zionism, as a Eurocentric national movement, meant that, from the moment it was installed on Palestinian territory, the new state of Israel opted for confrontation with the local majority population, and not for a policy of coexistence with the native people.
“There is a fundamental point that cannot be ignored: the State of Israel has an ethnic and sectarian character. It is not a state of its citizens, but a state exclusively for part of its citizens, the Jews. In this sense it can be seen as a Jewish fundamentalist state in the garb of a Western democracy,” they state.
Peaceful coexistence depends on an inescapable moral and political decision: to abandon the colonial and expansionist conception of Zionist ideology. Such a decision would have to lead to the withdrawal of the army from the Palestinian territories, and to make half a million Jewish colonists in the West Bank abandon this territory (or if they want to stay there, to accept to live under a Palestinian government), and to stop immediately the construction of thousands of homes for Jewish settlers in the occupied Palestinian territories.
Given this reality, we consider it indispensable that Mexico recognize the existence of the two states, and we request that roundtables on the topic of Israel-Palestine be convened so that people can express different viewpoints. This would help to provide more pluralistic knowledge of the invited country. And from the same pluralistic perspective, we ask that the next country invited to the International Book Fair be Palestine, with the presence of writers, filmmakers, musicians and painters.
Completing the list of signers are Francesca Gargallo, Pedro Miguel, Marcos Límenes, Nestor Braunstein, Silvana Rabinovich, Octavio Rodríguez Araujo, Pilar Calveiro, Mauricio Schoijet, Horacio Cerutti, Saúl Ibargoyen, Teresa Guitián, Claudio Albertani, Jessica Beckerman.